Musical Dynamics and Decibel Chart

 

Musical Dynamics Abbreviation
Meaning
dB Level
pianissimo

pp

very soft
50 dB
piano

p

soft
60 dB
mezzo-piano

mp

medium soft
66 dB
mezzo-forte

mf

medium loud
76 dB
forte

f

loud
80 dB
fortissimo

ff

very loud
90 dB
fortississimo

fff

very, very loud
100 dB

 

N. B.: This information can probably be found in a number of texts on the physics of sound. In this case, I got it from a Powerpoint presentation for a Physics course at the Univeisity of North Texas (Physics 1251, The Science and Technology of Musical Sound.) --- Wendy Cheng